Today, referring our ancient testament occurrences of the word “Altar”, the Hebrew in Mizbeah, which means ” place of sacrifice”, is simply its Aramaic cognate madbah,
The Patriarchs built their own altars and offered their own sacrifices on them without having any recourse to a priesthood. Noah built one after the flood and made burnt offerings on it . Abraham built altars to Yahweh at Shechem, between Bethel and Ai, at Hebron and at Moriah, where he offered a Ram instead of Isaac . Isaac did likewise at Beersheba, Jacob erected altars at Shechem and Bethel, Moses erected one at Rephidim after the victory of the Israelites over Amalek.
The altars were evidently erected mainly to commemorate some event in which the principle had direct dealing with God in Heaven.
There are Pre- Israelite altars in Palestine
In the early days of Palestine exploration it was customary to see altars in many things which today are understood as domestic, agricultural or industrial installations. The true altars have however been uncovered at several sites from different periods. At Ai, Mme, J. Marquet Krause discovered a small temple of the early bronze age in which was an altar of plastered stones, against the wall, on which animal and food offerings had been made.
In middle Bronze age Megiddo two temples were found containing rectangular altar, one of mud bricks and the other of lime plastered stones. Temples of the late Bronze Age containing altars of similar type have been found at lachish, Beth- Shan, and Hazor .
A number of hewn limestone altars with four horns at upper corners , dating from about the period of the conquest, were found at Megiddo . Below is the image of incense altar
This incense altar of basalt with emblem of Sun Lord carved in relief, from Canaanite Hazor of the 14th-13th centuries BC. height c. 4 feet 7 inches . The below is A Canaanite incense Altar of limestone from Megiddo of the 10th-9th centuries BC. Height c. 21 inches.
Sun lord who is the ultimate rule of numbers:- 1, 19, 28 .
This altar resemble Hinduism , where true Brahmins does their prayers three times per day to lord in heaven, before touching the food.
Many people in India, grows Basil known as Tulsi in him, offer prayers to lord Vishnu to bring success and prosperity to home, keep evil at bay.
This altar was made in earth , as God instructed Moses to tell the people to make a altar of earth or (unhewn) stones .
Mythological things blended with scientific knowledge in ancient days are observed extremely and we are still searching the roots and reasons in this era.
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